J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod. 2020 Feb;49(2):101662. doi: 10.1016/j.jogoh.2019.101662.Epub 2019 Dec 4.
Background: Neonatal morbidity among fetuses in breech presentation is not associated with planned mode of delivery in France. Data about consequences to these mothers are sparse.
Methods: The prospective PREMODA study took place in France and Belgium (2001-2002) in 138 maternity units and included all women with a singleton fetus in breech presentation ≥ 37 weeks of gestation (n=8105). We excluded women with more than one previous cesarean delivery, an in utero fetal death, or for whom cesarean delivery or induction of labor was planned due to maternal disease. The composite variable « severe acute maternal morbidity » (SAMM) grouped severe events. Associations between planned modes of delivery and SAMM were estimated from multivariable Poisson regression models adjusted for potential confounders. A control group with fetuses in cephalic presentation enabled us to compare maternal complications by fetal presentation.
Results: Among the 7564 women included in the analysis, 5098 (67.4%) had a planned cesarean and 2466 (32.6%) a planned vaginal delivery; their SAMM rates did not differ: 48/8098 (0.9%) versus 17/2466 (0.7%), respectively, with an adjusted risk ratio (aRR) of 1.60, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 0.81-3.15. The SAMM rate was significantly higher in the planned vaginal breech group than in the planned vaginal cephalic group: 17/2466 (0.7%) versus 39/10156 (0.4%) (aRR 2.10, 95% CI 1.18-3.74).
Conclusion: In women with a fetus in breech presentation at term, the short-term risk of severe maternal morbidity did not differ significantly according to planned mode of delivery.