Nevirapine Pharmacokinetics in Neonates Between 25 and 32 Weeks Gestational Age for the Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV


Eleven newborns from 25 to 32 weeks of gestational age, weighting from 0.66 to 1.60 kg received 2 mg/kg doses of nevirapine syrup. In 15 samples, collected 8.75-89 hours after drug intake, concentrations ranged from 0.65 to 16.68 mg/L. Three nevirapine dose of 2 mg/kg at day 0, 2 and 6 days of life achieved nevirapine concentrations above the proposed nevirapine target for HIV prophylaxis for at least 11 days.